Parijata or Harsringar flowers (Nyctanthus arbortristis Linn.) commonly known as night jasmine, a wonderful plant is described in Ayurveda with it’s enormous medicinal value. It is mostly found in sub tropical Himalayas of Nepal and southern parts of India and widely cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions in all over the world. Different parts of this plant are used for various medical purposes.
It provides treatments for Dengue, Chikunngunya, Malaria and Arthritis. It prevents gas, radical damage, treats cough, fights breathing problems, etc. Additionally it has anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties which make it fight various infections in the body. It also acts as a laxative in most cases.
The flowers are very beneficial as it contains essential oils and glycosides. The extracts of this flower posses antifungal and antiviral properties. Apart from this antileishmanial, hepatoprotective and immunostimulant properties are also present in it.
Its flowers are bitter and astringent it is used in ophthalmic diseases and as carminative.
It is used in obstinate remittent fever, sciatica, and rheumatism. Because of mild purgative in nature it is very useful in constipation of children.
It is used in treatment of bronchitis and also as an antidote to snake bite.
In India, Indonesia (Java) and Malaysia, the flowers are used medicinally to provoke menstruation.
The seeds, leaves, flowers of Nyctanthus arbortristis possess hepato-protective, anti-leishmanial, immune-stimulant, antiviral and antifungal activities.
In addition, the bark of this tree is used in eye diseases, ulcers and as e Bark decoction is used for bleeding gums. The fresh leaves are also used for the preparation of homoeopathic medicines. The leaves are bitter and pungent in taste. It is used to treat fever, fungal skin, infection also used as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antihelmentic. Bitter leaves extract is given to children for the expulsion of roundworms and threadworms. Leaf juice is used in sciatica, rheumatism and fever, as an antidote for reptile venoms and snake bite.