Published 26-07-2023

Arka ayurvedic herb uses benefits dosage and side effects


Arka ayurvedic herb uses benefits dosage and side effects

Sonal Rani

Arka ayurvedic herb are also utilised in numerous treatments, to treat a variety of conditions, including Ulcers, Urinary issues, and Intestinal worms, etc.

About the Herb:

Madar is a herb that is commonly known as milkweed, also known as Arka or Madar in Hindi, Ashur is the name given to it in Arabic

In classical Unani literature it is known as the drug Calotropis gigantea Linn., and in early Ayurvedic writings as Calotropis procera Linn.  

Plant Morphology

The plant is a small shrub.It has oblong-obviate leaves that are roughly 7 to 18 cm long and 5 to 13 cm broad, as well as soft, light grey bark.

The plant also produces latex, which is a milky sap known as “sukr” in Unani. It is a native of India, China and Malaysia and it is distributed almost all over the world.

Plant Part Used

The entire plant, including the leaves, flowers, and milk, is used in medicine. 

(This is a poisonous drug so do not take unprocessed or without consultation with Doctors.)

 Health advantages: 

According to Unani medicine. Besides being used as a worm treatment, it can also be used to treat 




Increase appetite,

Decrease gas,

Tighten tissues,

Strengthen the body,

Clear lungs of mucus,

Induce sweating,

Reduce inflammation,

Fight fungal infections,

Lower blood sugar levels,

Prevent cancer,

Increase sexual desire,

Reduce pain and swelling,

Prevent blood clots, and calm the nerves.    

Health benefits of Arka  :

*Arthritis: Due to its anti-inflammatory and sedative properties, applying a paste made from powdered madar leaves can help with joint pain and swelling. Twice per week, apply the paste to the joints, cover it with a fresh cotton cloth, and let it sit for a few minutes.

*Diabetes: Madar can help lower blood sugar levels because it has excellent hypoglycemic properties. Take 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of powder twice daily to assist with insulin production and lessen the conversion of starch to glucose.

*Ear pain and infection: Extract 1/4 cup of madar leaf juice and combine it with 1/4 cup sesame oil, 1/4 teaspoon of garlic, dalchini, and hing. To prepare this mixture for use as ear drops, cook it over low heat until all the moisture has been extracted. 

*Cholera: The root bark of the Madar plant should be dried and ground into a powder, then combined with ginger juice and black pepper powder, and rolled into pea-sized tablets as a cholera treatment. Every two hours, take 1 tablet with 1 teaspoon of mint juice.


Also Read: Adrak/Zanjabeel:Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More!


Other Benefits of the herb:

1. Helps in treating cough and throat infections brought on by eosinophilia.

Enhances the immune system, second.


2. Prevents or reduces fatigue.


3. To treat skin conditions, Apply a turmeric and plant latex mixture to the area of skin that is affected.


4. To treat asthma, combine the powdered dried Madar flowers with some rock salt and drink it with warm water.


5. To heal deafness, put a few drops of the juice of Madar leaves in the ear.


6. To treat female infertility, mix a glass of cow milk with 1-2 grammes of the white flower Madar root powder that has been shade-dried. 


Parts of the plant used for medicine: 


1. Cough, ascites, anasarca, intestinal worms, and cutaneous disease have all been treated with the root bark. 


2. Bronchitis, dyspepsia, gastroenteritis, dysentery, piles, boils, scrotal enlargement, filariasis, and cancer can all be treated with the root powder.


3. The latex acts as a blistering agent and is thermogenic. It is purgative and emetic in high doses.


4. The powdered leaves are used as a purgative, to treat indigestion, and to hasten the healing of wounds. They are also used to treat liver issues and skin conditions.


5. The dried leaves are said to be an aphrodisiac and are used to support sexual health, including penile dysfunction.


6. To relieve pain in the stomach, hot poultices made of leaves are applied. 


Product Formulation and dosage: 

1. Habbe Seen (Hamdard)

Dosage: 1 tablet once a day with plain water after breakfast

2. Qurs Qushta Nuqra (Hamdard)

Dosage: 1 tablet with milk or water once a day after meal. 

3. Arka Lavanam - (Dabur)

Dosage: 250 mg to 1 gramme taken twice daily with buttermilk or water and before or after food, or as prescribed by an ayurvedic physician.

Leaves powder- 250 mg of teaspoon.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Madar latex (milk weed)- Apply locally 

*Disclaimer - Dosage depends on the patients condition and age, it should be taken only after proper consultation with Ayurvedic/Unani Consultant

Risk Factors:


The highly beneficial plant known as Arka herb, also called Madar, has been used for medicinal purposes in ancient Unani and Ayurvedic literature.

Its milk, flowers, and leaves have all been used to treat a range of ailments, including intestinal worms, ulcers, and urinary problems.

However, Madar is a poisonous drug and should not be consumed without proper preparation or medical advice. Additionally, Madar maybe useful in the treatment of diseases like cholera, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, ear pain, and infections. The functions of its various components vary. 

There are many products on the market that contain madar, but the dosage is dependent on the age and health of the patient and should only be used after appropriate consultation with an Ayurvedic or Unani consultant


Last Updated: Aug 1, 2023

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